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Interesting Facts about Scotland

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Scotland Facts? Who knew there was so much to know about Scotland! Today’s blog post is all about the Facts of Scotland, and we’re bringing you some interesting things that you might not have known before. We’ll be looking at various topics, including famous Scottish people, traditional Scottish food, what it means to be Scottish in 2021 and more. So if you want to find out more interesting facts about Scotland, then make sure to read on!

Scotland, officially the Kingdom of Scotland, is a country that occupies the northern third of the united kingdom of Great Britain and shares its only land border with England to the south. The territory east of this border consists mostly of lowland terrain in contrast to most Scottish highlands, mountainous areas including Ben Nevis (the highest mountain on mainland Great Britain.)

Facts about Scotland

The Capital of Scotland

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. The first thing that draws attention to this city is high, thick castle walls with four towers on each side. Edinburgh Castle is one of the largest castles in the world. It has been the location for many historical events in Scotland. About which you can learn reading facts about Edinburgh.

The biggest city in Scotland is Glasgow, which is known as the music capital of the world. Bonnybridge is considered as the UFO capital of the world. There were around 300 sightseeing of UFO.

Geography of Scotland

The highest mountain peak in Scotland, Ben Nevis, reaches an altitude of over 1300 meters and has a summit that is usually snow-covered all year round. 

The longest river in Scotland is the Tay, 193 kilometres long.

In addition to the Tay, major rivers in Scotland are also Spey, Clyde, Tweed, Dee and Don.

The largest lake is Loch Lomond, with an area of ​​71 km², and the deepest is Moch Morar, with a depth of 310 meters.

Scotland has approximately 790 islands.

History of Scotland

Scotland was settled relatively late compared to other European areas, with the Romans not colonising it until around 85 AD. Scotland was never really a unified country in this period but split into three main kingdoms (Pictland, Dalriada and Strathclyde) who fought on-and-off for supremacy over the centuries.

The Scots themselves didn’t come to power until 1010

Scotland has a rich history that’s been shaped by many events. One of the most influential was when Scotland became Protestant and separated from England in the 1560s. This decision would have an impact on Scotland for centuries to come.

An early Scottish hero is William Wallace, who led Scots against English rule during the 13th century, but he was eventually captured and executed in 1305

The modern era of Scottish history began in 1707 when the Treaty of Union was signed with England. Scotland and England had been united under one monarch since 1603, but this new treaty cemented their union as Great Britain.

Under British rule, Scotland went through a period known as The Clearances where many Scots were forcibly removed from their homes and sent to either Canada, the United States or Australia during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Since 1999 Scotland has a parliament, which consists of a legislative body and an executive. The former is the Scottish National Assembly, made up of 129 representatives elected for four-year terms under proportional representation by each constituency using the D’Hondt formula with a single transferable vote.

Was Scotland conquered by Romans?

“No”. The Romans never conquered the Scottish people or territory during their occupation of Britain from 43 AD to 410 AD (see below). They did attempt a military invasion and made it as far north as Inverness before being repelled by native tribes.

Antonine Wall

Roman to separate themselves from brave and harassing Caledonian tribes build a fortification – Antonin’s Wall. The Antonine Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Romans between the Firths of Forth and Clyde. It was one of two “barrier” or “defensive” walls. It was a stone structure 63 kilometers long, deep ditch that plunged from the north bank of the embankment to increase the defence potential of the dam.

Antonine Wall was built in 142 AD (construction took 12 years); hundreds of Roman soldiers were stationed along this wall.

National Symbols of Scotland

The Scottish flag is the saltire, the diagonal cross used as a symbol of Scotland. It has had various shapes over time; with the present shape being introduced in 1984

St Andrew is a Saint patron of Scotland.

The thistle is Scotland’s national flower and has been worn on the hats of Scottish soldiers since 1747

The national anthem is “Scotland the Brave.”

Scotland’s official national animal is a unicorn.

Scottish National flower is a thistle,

Scotland’s national dish is Haggis.

The National Scottish instrument is the bagpipes.

And Scotland’s National Drink is whisky – Scotch whiskey, to be specific. Though if we talk about a soft drink, it would be Irn Bru, a disgusting, highly caffeinated orange drink.

Scotland has even the National Monster – the Loch Ness monster

One local legend about this area is about something called ‘Nessie’, also known as the Loch Ness Monster. There have been many sightings reported since 1933 when a picture was taken by Mr F W Taylor reportedly showing what looks like a long-necked creature’s head emerging from the water on 22nd May 1934

Scottish men are one of the few who are proud to wear the skirt. the national men’s outfit is a kilt

Many people believe that Scotsmen wear kilts all year round but this is not true!

In fact, Scottish men only traditionally wore them on occasions like weddings or other formal parties. Nowadays, kilt wearers are more likely to dress it up with a shirt and waistcoat. But in the posh hotels in Edinburgh like hotel doorman is wearing a kilt.

The official Languages in Scotland

there are three languages in Scotland: English, Scottish Gaelic and Scots

The official Languages in Scotland are English, Scottish Gaelic & Scots. The first two have been spoken for over 2000 years, each with their own history and cultural background, while Scots is a language that has developed from Old English that was recorded as early as 1296 AD.

Famous Scots

Scotland produced lots of famous people who influence science and art. Some of them are:

James Watt – invented the first commercially viable steam engine and is considered to be one of the most influential Scots in history.

Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, which has saved millions of lives.

John Logie Baird who invented the first television;

 Sir James Clerk Maxwell – one of the most influential mathematicians and physicists in history

Sir Walter Scott – the world-famous author who wrote “Ivanhoe” and other novels. The phrase “Scottish know-how” comes from his stories

Robert Louis Stevenson – famous Scottish novelist famed for creating an imaginary pirate adventure story called Treasure Island

Catherine McLeod (1884 – 1958) was a scientist whose research on tissue culture led to advances in modern medicine, including cancer treatments such as chemotherapy

Adam Smith helped create the modern economic theory

Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an artist and designer plus the inventor of the first waterproof raincoat

Robert Burns is Scotland’s national poet

Sir Walter Scott was a writer who created many stories with Scottish settings.

Scotland is the home to the world’s

The first colour photograph

The first-ever colour photograph was taken in Scotland. It is a photo of a tartan ribbon, and it dates back to 1861 by Thomas Sutton, the Scottish photographer who created the world’s first permanent photographic image from light-sensitive material.

The oldest tree in Europe

Scotland has the oldest tree in Europe at Fortingall Yew which is around 3,000 years old. Its located n Perthshire

The tallest waterfall in Britain

Eas a’ Chula Aluinn the highest waterfall in Scotland ls’s tallest waterfall in Great Britain. It’s 658 feet tall, which is three times higher than the Niagara Waterfalls.

The Tallest hedge

Scotland is home to the worlds tallest hedge. Meikleour Beech Hedge. Its height is around 100 meters (30 feet), and it’s 530 meters long. It was planted in 1745. it gets measured and cut every ten years, and it takes approx six weeks.

Oldest golf course

Scotland is home of Golf. Golf started in the 15th century in Scotland. The oldest golf course is in St Andrews.

The first fire brigade in the world

In 1818, the first fire brigade in Scotland was established. The Edinburgh Fire Engine Establishment consisted of a pump and eight men who were able to use it. This would make them the world’s oldest existing fire brigade.

Odd Interesting Facts about Scotland

The world’s shortest commercial flight

The shortest commercial flight in the world is from Westray to Papa Westray in Orkney, Scotland. This service takes place between two islands that are only a few miles. The flight takes 47 seconds.

The redheads

Scotland has the highest proportion of redheads in the world. The red hair people have a genotype R151C which gives them their distinctive hair color.

There is an old legend that says the Vikings were attracted to Scotland because it was a green and fertile land, but in truth, they came for something far more valuable: red-haired slaves who could be sold at a great profit all across Europe and Asia.   

Undersea Telegraph

The world’s first undersea telegraph cable was laid between Scotland and America in 1850. This invention helped Scots communicate with relatives who emigrated away as well as keep up to date on the news from home.

Football and Scotland

The first King of Scotland – King James I, banned football as a dangerous activity. If you were caught playing football, you would have to pay a 4 pence fine.

Currently, football is the most favourite sport and football matches between England and Scotland since they played their first match in 1872 bring big emotions to every Scotsman.

Scotland Facts – Summary

A conclusion paragraph should conclude your blog post content: The Facts about Scotland offer us some interesting insights into this beautiful country. It was clear from reading all these facts that there are so many legends and stories around Scottish culture and history for visitors to learn more about on vacation! Improving our understanding will help readers appreciate what makes visiting such an amazing experience. This made me think back through my life when I visited Edinburgh for the first time; it truly did

Facts about Scotland – Pin it for later

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Ania James

photographer, traveller, mother of twin girls, wife, worldschooler, rulebreaker

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